Water is one of the essential elements in the world today, and it is so because of the vital role it plays in the survival of both plants and animals. However, the rise of water pollution has constantly threatened the availability of clean water for consumption and other uses. However, the introduction of several water purification methods has helped to reduce the effects of water pollution and increase the availability of clean water. This article will highlight the various methods of water purification and how they work.

Why is Water Purification Necessary

Water purification helps to ensure a sufficient supply of clean water for use. The essence of water purification is made evident in the uses and importance of clean water, which include;

  • It provides the body with adequate nourishment
  • Helps to prevent harmful diseases
  • It is essential for agriculture and food production
  • Promotes sustainable development in communities
  • It is vital for a healthy ecosystem

Water Purification Methods

The benefits of water purification have never been up for debate, considering how crucial clean water is to our survival. Here are some of the best water purification methods and how effective they can be.

  1. Water Treatment: You must have heard about this water purification method a couple of times or more. There is no denying that this method is the most popular for water purification, and it has been highlighted as the most effective too. It involves both physical, chemical, and biological processes, and it can eliminate a considerable degree of water pollutants.
  2. Water Conservation: As surprising as it may sound, water conservation can be an excellent way of purifying water in your neighborhood. The less water you use, the less likely you are to contaminate water sources. You can reduce shower time and save water while brushing or shaving by only turning on the tap when it is necessary. You can also use water-efficient toilets in your home to reduce the quantity of water required to flush.
  3. Septic Tanks: Septic tanks are underground chambers that filter solid wastes from water flowing through it. It is often made of plastic, fiberglass, or concrete materials, and it is somewhat efficient, especially for treating sewage water.
  4. Proper Storm Water Management: Stormwater is a term used to describe a water body formed from heavy precipitates like rainfall and snow. These water bodies often redirect to water sources, but they are often accompanied by dirt that causes water pollution. Proper management of stormwater will help ensure that it does not contaminate water sources.
  5. Green Agriculture: The fact that agriculture is one of the largest consumers of surface water for plant and animal production masks the other fact that it is also among the leading causes of water pollution. The chemicals in pesticides and fertilizers are considered very harmful to human health, and the chemical is often washed into water sources when it rains. However, green agriculture has been identified as a solution for these pollutants.

Bottom Line

Water pollution is a growing concern in most parts of the world, leading to a scarcity of clean water for consumption and other uses. However, water purification has shown signs of being a solution to this problem, and the best purification methods have been highlighted in this article.

The PSA Group provide a range of environmental management services that include soil and water testing, contaminated water transport and disposal and more.