what-is-purpose-dewatering-construction

Have you ever wondered why construction companies often take their time to ensure that they get the details right and go about every step of each project correctly? The reasons are not so far-fetched and are mainly because substandard structures are very risky and can collapse at any time. You can see why each step in construction is crucial, as they all contribute to making the structure stable.

Talking about structure stability, many factors contribute to determining how solid a project can be, including the preparation of the site. One critical aspect to preparing a site for construction is removing excess water from the soil in a process called dewatering. This article will explain this concept and highlight why it is essential to dewater a site, especially in water-logged areas, before construction.

The Concept of Dewatering

Dewatering is an essential part of getting any site ready for construction, and it involves removing excess water from the ground to ensure a straightforward and uncomplicated construction process. But since dewatering is a process that extracts excess water, you may not need to dewater an already dried ground. However, you must use the necessary means to ensure that the soil does not contain excess water, as even the slightest excess water can prove very detrimental to both the project and the process.

Why is Dewatering Necessary in Construction?

The importance of dewatering is quite numerous and crucial, especially during excavation or foundation laying. Here are some significant reasons to dewater a construction site.

  1. Safer Working Conditions: A wet site can be dangerous to work on, but a dewatered site provides a safe working space for them
  2. Increased Performance: Muddy sites are difficult to work on, slowing down overall performance. Dewatering helps eliminate this issue and ensures work continues as planned.
  3. Environmental Care: Excess groundwater may not be environmentally friendly as it can be a breeding place for insects and bacteria. Dewatering extracts excess groundwater and helps to eliminate this environmental threat.

Dewatering Techniques for Construction Sites

Many dewatering techniques have been introduced in previous years, but only four are valid for construction processes. Here is a breakdown of each.

Wellpoint system: The wellpoint system of dewatering is very efficient, and it involves the drilling of several narrow wells on the construction site. Riser pipes are inserted into these wells and connected to a central header pipe that leads to a collection point. A dewatering pump attached to the header pipe is then used to extract the water from each well through the pipes.

Eductor Wells: This method is similar to the wellpoint system, but it typically utilizes high-pressure water instead of vacuum to extract the excess water.

Sump Pumping: Sump pumping is the most used dewatering method because it is effortless and more economical than the other methods. It is also very efficient for extracting groundwater.

Deep Wellpoint: This method involves bare holes and the use of submersible pumps to extract groundwater, and it is often used for sites with a large amount of water.

Conclusion

It has been established that dewatering is an essential part of construction for reasons beyond the construction process. But it is equally necessary for construction because it facilitates better projects and ensures workplace safety, among others. First class dewatering equipment is necessary to ensure favourable project outcomes. This article has discussed the top things you should know about the concept and why it is necessary.